Book Review: Secrets and Tea at Rosie Lee’s

They say you shouldn’t judge a book by its cover and ‘Secrets and Tea at Rosie Lee’s’ is no exception. The cover features a scene whose café and street lamps look more in keeping with Paris or Vienna than the East End greasy spoon where Jane Lacey-Crane’s début novel is set. The season, too, looks particularly wintry, with what appears to be pine trees and snow, and all helps create the wrong impression of this book. Its title, too, though hinting at the East End with its suggestion of Cockney rhyming slang and inclusion of tea (there is a lot of tea drunk in the book) feels imposed on this story. It is probably the case books are ‘marketed from the outside in’, but in this case I feel publisher Aria has got the marketing wrong. Readers expecting a whimsical fairy-tale romance will be disappointed by what is actually a fairly gritty East End tale based in realism (the word fuck features quite heavily from the off), and potential readers who would be partial to what this book actually is, will be put off by the ditsy middle-class froth of the cover illustration.

That said, ‘Secrets and Tea at Rosie Lee’s’ is an enjoyable read, one that zips along at a pace and keeps you turning the page to the end. It has a bit of everything: romance, crime, family drama, sex, humour, along with a rags-to-riches trajectory. The East End setting is authentic and well-observed, acknowledging the current gentrification of the area, as well as harks back to a bygone East End (without glamourising it) that is fast disappearing. Abby’s greasy spoon is one woman’s last-ditch attempt to hang on to the past, and not give in to the 21st century’s hipster-driven innovations. Even green tea is a stretch too far for Abby’s caff.

The past is ever-present in the novel, and comes back to haunt Abby in more ways than one, not least in the form of her first love Jack Chance. Other reviews have touched on love-interest Jack as having stalker tendencies; even Abby herself, when Jack sends her daughter Lucy a present, says he is controlling. However, it is not Jack, who is the eye-candy equivalent of how female love-interests have been depicted ad nauseum, but Abby who is the compelling character here. In Lacey-Crane’s Abby we have a woman who is instantly likeable, relatable and sympathetic. Abby is a thirties-something single mother for whom life hasn’t been kind, nor honest. She swears, has stretch-marks, flabby bits and a self-deprecating wit that endears the reader to her. Abby has an East End trait of hiding her pain beneath the brittle shell of a wise-cracking exterior. It is this mask she wears — and the cracks in it, revealing her soft interior, with all its insecurities — that is truly heartbreaking.

Abby’s childhood sweetheart Jack is now a multi-millionaire living in America, who wears fancy suits and hangs around with Barbie doll younger women, which intimidates Abby rather than attracts him to her. The reader is invited to look beyond Jack’s wealth to the boyfriend he once was. Rather than be impressed by his wealth, Abby knows too well the difference money makes. Abby’s working-class mindset assumes it makes her less worthy of Jack’s love, and never goes along with Jack’s insistence that it is difficult being rich. It is Abby, Lacey-Crane suggests, who deserves a break. It is this child of the East End who has been given a raw deal and, at the beginning of the novel, is stuck in the unjust impotence of being ordinary. The reader sees Abby’s raw potential, but we are reminded that this is a potential that could just as easily go unrecognised and unfulfilled.

‘Secrets and Tea at Rosie Lee’s’ is a pleasurable read. It is warm, funny, and depicts a world I would have been just as happy to spend some time in as a teenager as I am an adult. It is more than a traditional Romance novel, whilst fulfilling the Romance criteria equally well. Yet it is the writing I am most impressed by. Tiny details signal the flavour of Abby’s complex relationships with her parents. How Abby hates the buzz of the lighting in her mother’s sterile kitchen, the mug her father only ever rinsed out and never washed up. These additions elevate this novel above the fantasy froth of its cover and suggest to me that there is an even greater writer in Jane Lacey Crane struggling to break out. Just as Abby is confined by her circumstances, the author is perhaps confined by the limitations of her genre and its marketing. I look forward to reading more from Jane Lacey-Crane.
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We did it (and we did it well)

Well, what a whirlwind.

The past 4 1/2 months have been a single-minded slog on this one project which was Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk. But what a show! It is going to take some time to fully process all that has just occurred, but the overriding feeling this morning is, somehow, we not only pulled it off, but it was a triumph.

The audiences were good at the beginning of the run, but by the last two weeks they were full houses. The last week was extraordinary, with people clamouring for tickets each night, and by the final night pleading to stand. Each of our wonderful cast put everything they had into the last night and gave their performances of the run.

I had often heard sniffing in the audience, but on Saturday there was sniffing in every direction; no-one could fail to be moved by Sarah Whitehouse’s astonishing performance. Tussy is a huge part, and one that has meant so much to me for almost four years. Sarah more than did the real Tussy the justice she so sorely deserves.

I am proud of our cast and proud of ourselves, and all that we achieved, on a tight budget, in our space with its challenges and limitations, and in such a short, intense space of time. In the end I was more than its writer. I helped produce, assistant-directed, made props, sewed up torn trousers, and put up lace curtains.

Of course we hope there will be life for the play yet, ideally transferring to the West End or an off-West End theatre, but even if Saturday was the very last performance this play will ever see, we can be proud of the fact we did it. We put this play on in the right place and at the right time.

The play was conceived as my gift to the people of Sydenham. I believe it was a gift well-received.

Photos courtesy of Mark Drinkwater @sydenhamphotos

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Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk (The Reviews)

IMG_0549 photo Mark DrinkwaterWe are now halfway through the run of the world premiere of my play Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk. So far we’ve had fabulous audiences, wonderful feedback and some amazing reviews (Spoiler alert!):

A 5***** review from The Morning Star: https://morningstaronline.co.uk/article/poignant-tribute-foremother-socialist-feminism

A 4.5 star review from Breaking the Fourth Wall:
https://breaking-the-fourth-wall.com/2018/05/17/eleanor-marx-the-jewess-of-jews-walk-sydenham-centre-review/amp/?__twitter_impression=true

A 4**** review from LondonTheatre1: https://www.londontheatre1.com/reviews/eleanor-marx-the-jewess-of-jews-walk-sydenham-centre-review/

A review from International Marxist-Humanist Journal (no star rating given): https://www.imhojournal.org/articles/a-revolutionary-betrayed-review-of-the-play-eleanor-marx-the-jewess-of-jews-walk/

A review from Susan Elkin for Sardines Magazine (no star rating given): http://susanelkin.co.uk/articles/eleanor-marx-jewess-jews-walk-susan-elkin-reviews/

A review from author/blogger Carl Packman (no star rating given) https://medium.com/@CarlPackman/remembering-the-jewess-a-review-of-eleanor-marx-the-jewess-of-jews-walk-d8b2f882c6a3

And if you don’t want spoilers, here’s the Audience Comments:

“That was wonderful! Amazing! A brilliant illustration of her life, superb direction, and a glorious take down of the patriarchy. Thank you!” (Carl Packman via twitter)

“Excellent play … excellently acted and directed, which I can thoroughly recommend. The central Marx/Aveling relationship is very convincing portrayed, with some fine dialogue. Don’t miss it.” (Robin Orton on Sydenham Town Forum)

“Loved it! Congrats!”

“So good to celebrate such an important figure! Well done!”

“Great performance!”

“V. good production”

“Fantastic acting – so impressed. Such emotion!”

“Very well done!”

“Great 2nd act!”

“Wonderful! Thanks”

“The production was excellent, thank you”

“Loved the local / international connection”

“Well done!”

“Excellent”

“The actors were excellent. Thoroughly enjoyed the play. Thankyou and congratulations to all involved”

“Loved this play. Great cast. Great story. SE London’s history. Go and see it.”

“EXCELLENT Production/World Premiere – Eleanor Marx – ‘The Jewess of Jews Walk’. Faultless work. Sophisticated script, careful, detailed direction, incredible performances. A riveting piece of theatre. Not to be missed!” (Niki Mylonas, on facebook)

“V. good!!”

“A really enjoyable night”

“Great performance. Thank you!”

Tickets are still available for the remaining two weeks of the run (Tuesday 1st May – Sat 12th May) from http://spontaneousproductions.co.uk/events/eleanor-marx-the-jewess-of-jews-walk-from-weds-18-april/ (Click on your chosen date to book)

Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk is Upstairs* at the Sydenham Centre, 44a Sydenham Rd, Sydenham, SE 26

* There is full disabled access

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My Gift to the People of Sydenham. And My Gift to Eleanor Marx

I am now entering the week of our opening night. We have our final rehearsal tomorrow, then the tech and dress rehearsal, and then that’s it. We open.

It is nerve-wracking, of course, knowing how ready we have to be on Wednesday, for our paying audience, but ultimately it is exhilarating. It has, after all, taken four years to get to this point. To be able to sit here, writing nonchalantly about my play and the fact it is really going to happen.

It has been a roller-coaster ride to get here. A couple of years ago the play was shelved indefinitely and it looked as though there was no hope for my play ever to be brought to life. So I am thrilled that it is not only being staged, but being staged in Sydenham, where it belongs. Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk was always, from its conception, my gift to the people of Sydenham, just as it is my gift to Eleanor Marx.

Back in 2014, I was busy rehearsing Till the boys come Home, my 4-part WW1 music set in Sydenham. We were rehearsing in St. Bartholomew’s church, when a member of the choir, and of the Sydenham community, Rabia Rahim, came up to me and thrust a pamphlet under my nose and was pointing to it excitedly, saying, ‘You must write a play about this woman. This woman founded the gas workers’ union. She lived in the next road from here. Jews Walk. You must write a play about her.’

So I looked at the pamphlet and this little thumbnail of a book that had just been published, written by someone called Rachel Holmes: Eleanor Marx: a Life and quickly googled her, as you do, when you’re told you must write a play about someone. I discovered this remarkable woman, and amazing-sounding story, and nipped to Jews Walk to have a look at number 7.

So that was my first encounter with Eleanor, the youngest daughter of Karl Marx, and with Rachel, and became the inspiration for my next play.

I read Rachel’s book and fell in love with Eleanor Marx, both the real person and the character I wanted to write. As the youngest daughter of a penniless socialist, with a big bushy beard, huge ideas and a German-Jewish surname, I had much in common with the young “Tussy”, as she was known to family and friends.

Eleanor was an early translator of Ibsen’s plays and I knew, immediately, upon reading Rachel’s excellent book, that I wanted to write it in the style of an Ibsen play and I wanted to set it entirely at Jews Walk.

Ibsen’s plays are notable in that they tend to have a single domestic setting and span a short time-frame, and often have a strong female lead. The Ibsen style and structure fitted very well the vision I had for this play, set in the house and spanning only the last few chapters of Rachel’s book. Although, just as in Ibsen plays, the past would be ever-present in the play.

Due to Eleanor’s fascination with her Jewish heritage, and her saying of herself ‘I am a Jewess’, I came up with a title immediately: ‘The Jewess of Jews Walk’. So I told my brother Jonathan, ‘I’m going to write this play, it’s called ‘The Jewess of Jews Walk’ and it’s set entirely at Jews Walk’ (which is around the corner from him) and, being Jonathan, he commissioned me to write it.

And I went off to research further.

Rolling onto December 2014, I went along to a screening at LSE of a documentary about the miners strike, at which a humble Labour backbencher was speaking, called … Jeremy Corbyn … who I knew best at the time for being someone my dad had once had lunch with. I mentioned to my friend I went with, just in passing, ‘I’m writing a play about a woman who founded a union’. She must have remembered, for two months later she got me a ticket to hear Rachel Holmes speak.

I sat through Rachel’s talk, and took copious notes, and I went up to her at the end, when she was busy signing people’s books (anyone who knows me will know I never do things like that, go up to them and tell them about what I’m doing) but I knew I had to.

So I plucked up the courage to speak to this wonderful biographer I was totally in awe of and told her about my play. And … she was interested.

Back in 2014 Marx was a dirty word, his ideas were deemed old-fashioned, and wrong. But since then the world has changed. There’s now Brexit, a reality TV star in the White House and we’ve seen the rise of a humble Labour backbencher called … Jeremy Corbyn. Marxism is back in the news again, as is — by coincidence — Jewishness. Add to this the #MeToo campaign and the fact the play is about domestic abuse, Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk has become timely.

Last Friday, we had our pre-play event ‘Eleanor and Friends’, at which Rachel Holmes and I both spoke, alongside Dr. Dana Mills, poet Tara Bergin and local historian Steve Grindlay. At this event we unveiled a couple of extracts from my play, to a phenomenal reaction from the audience, as well as — I’m pleased to say — Rachel and the other Friends of Eleanor.

I made my speech, which was similar in content to what I have written above, but due to nerves, skipped over the name Rabia Rahim. I had hoped Rabia had heard of the event and come along, but because we only left a message with her at lunchtime that day, I was not at all hopeful she would be there. However, in the interval Jonathan said to me, ‘Lucy, Rabia’s here’ and was promptly reunited with her. Of course I said, ‘You must meet Rachel’ and took her to introduce them to each other. Rachel must have recognised Rabia’s accent, for immediately they realised they are from the same small town in South Africa.

Eleanor Marx does things like that. She unites (and reunites) people.

Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk opens this week (Wed. 18th April) at The Sydenham Centre, Sydenham, around the corner from where she lived and died, in mysterious circumstances. It runs for four weeks until May 12th.


Tickets here: http://spontaneousproductions.co.uk/events/eleanor-marx-the-jewess-of-jews-walk-from-weds-18-april/

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Organisation and the Creative Mind: Put it on a list

In 2015 I attended Paradise Road Project, a day workshop run by Jacqui Lofthouse and Clare Barry. The workshop was intended as a chance for creatives to unplug from technology and cyberspace, refocus our minds, and allow inspiration available in our real, urban environment to inspire us. As both a playwright and author, I juggle a multitude of vying ideas and, back in 2015, struggled with deciding which project or projects to focus my attention and energies on.

For one workshop exercise we created a list of projects we’d love to bring into the world, and were aided in prioritising those projects and allowing a particular project to come to the fore as the one we wanted to tackle next. I made long list of plays, novels, and short stories I wanted to write: projects I had begun working on and some I’d put on the back burner, along with brand new ideas that were generated by the very act of sitting down and allowing what I love to emerge. I still enjoy referring to that list now and again, to see how many of the projects listed there have come to fruition.

On that list is the idea that became Pretty Bubbles, my novel about my mum and Bobby Moore, that came 3rd in ‘Pen to Print: Real Stories, Real Lives’ competition. On the list is an idea for a YA novel I plan to tackle later this year. On that list is The Wig Show, a short story I had been playing over in my mind for a number of years that I wrote in the days immediately after attending the workshop and can be found here: https://lucykaufman.wordpress.com/2018/03/08/happy-international-womens-day/ And on the list is Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk, my play about Karl Marx’s remarkable youngest daughter that has a four-week run in Sydenham, around the corner from where she lived and died, April 18th – 12th May http://spontaneousproductions.co.uk/events/eleanor-marx-the-jewess-of-jews-walk-from-weds-18-april/

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Death By Suicide? Or the Husband Did It? You decide.

On a bitterly cold Thursday, 120 years ago today, a woman was found on her bed at 7 Jews Walk, Sydenham, dressed in a thin white summer dress, and turned bright blue from prussic acid poisoning. The woman was Eleanor Marx — Karl Marx’s youngest daughter — and the verdict given at the inquest was ‘Suicide by swallowing prussic acid at the time labouring under mental derangement’. She was 43.

All these years on, Wikipedia states Eleanor Marx’s death as suicide, indeed the jurors’ verdict of suicide has come to be accepted everywhere. This is in spite of the discrepancies in the testimonies at the inquest and the fact her friends were suspicious of her common-law husband Dr. Edward Aveling and planned to take a civil case out against him for murder.

Eleanor Marx is a largely forgotten figure, recently revived in the public consciousness by Rachel Holmes’s wonderful book Eleanor Marx: A Life. Eleanor (or ‘Tussy’ as she was affectionately known by her family and friends) is best known for being Karl Marx’s youngest daughter and one whose identity was particularly enmeshed with his own; he said of Tussy, ‘Tussy is me’. Despite this inseparable relationship with her more famous father, Tussy was a remarkable woman in her own right.

The foremother of socialist feminism and the first woman to lead a union, Tussy was a woman ahead of her time. For a Victorian, let alone a Victorian woman, she was transgressive. She was the first to translate Flaubert’s Madame Bovary into English (a book banned for obscenity in France at the time) and the first to perform Ibsen’s Nora in his groundbreaking play A Dolls House, which questioned whether a woman’s place was one of subordination to her husband. Unconventional in her dress and hair-style (she wore her hair loose and had no interest in fashion), Tussy also flirted with controversy in her domestic arrangements. She was not married to Aveling (he was still legally married when she met him, to his estranged wife ‘Bell’ from an earlier marriage) but lived with him as though married, writing to tell all those she loved and respected that this was her intention. Upon her ‘marriage’, Eleanor double-barrelled her name to Marx-Aveling, thus keeping her maiden name — something modern women are more familiar with.

Eleanor bought her first and only house on Jews Walk with money left to her by Engels, her father’s friend and her mentor. The years leading up to her buying her house had been stressful and a surprise revelation about her father had rocked her world. For Eleanor, Jews Walk meant stability, solace and something of her own. She was largely drawn by the name of the road and joked about it with her friends, who ribbed her that it was the only reason she had chosen this particular house to put down her roots. Tussy was proud of her Jewish ancestry, describing herself as a ‘Jewess’, regardless of the fact her father had no interest in religion or his heritage — one thing that set her apart from her father. She said, ‘I am Jewishly proud of my house in Jews Walk’ and wrote to everybody, inviting them to come and see ‘the Jews’. She moved to 7 Jews Walk — ‘The Den’ as she called it — determined to be happy there.

Less than three years later, on 31st March 1898, Tussy lay bright blue and dying, to be found by her trusted maid Gerty Gentry too late for anything to be done. Was Eleanor Marx’s death caused by her own hand, as the jury at the inquest believed, or did her ‘husband’ Edward have a hand in it? Dr. Edward Aveling: a man described as physically repulsive, a man her friends called a ‘reptile’, ‘a little lizard’, ‘a disreputable dog’, and whose Engels’s biographer said had ‘the thieving instincts of a jackdaw, the morals of a tom-cat’.

What led Eleanor Marx to her untimely death is painstakingly pieced together in Rachel Holmes’s biography and is dramatised in my new play Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk. The play, which is to be performed Upstairs at the Sydenham Centre, around the corner from where she lived and died, is set entirely at 7 Jews Walk and spans the final seven months of Tussy’s life. The production marks the 120th anniversary of her tragic, and mysterious, death.

Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk has a four-week run from April 18th – May 12th 2018, Upstairs at the Sydenham Centre, Sydenham, SE London. Tickets can be purchased from spontaneousproductions.co.uk/marx

Learn more about Eleanor Marx in preparation for my play, at a special event marking the 120 year anniversary of her death Eleanor & Friends, when Eleanor’s biographer Rachel Holmes, poet Tara Bergin, political theorist Dr. Dana Mills, local historian Steve Grindlay and I will be speaking about Eleanor; and Sydenham’s professional theatre company Spontaneous Productions will be unveiling two short extracts from my upcoming play. Tickets can be booked here: spontaneousproductions.co.uk/eleanor-and-friends


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Happy Birthday, Ibsen! (190 years old)

My play Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk owes a lot to Ibsen.

Ibsen, the 19th century Norwegian playwright and ‘father of realism’ wrote groundbreaking plays. Pioneering, not least, for putting well-rounded female protagonists centre stage. His central women characters Nora Helmer and Hedda Gabler shook the world in their day. They are both great parts for an actress, and the issues the characters wrestled with well over a century ago still have relevance today.

In 2018 it is still a radical act to write a play about a woman. It shouldn’t be. This is, after all, the 21st century and not 1880. And yet the majority of stories told, on stage and screen, are dominated by a male protagonist. A recent graph shows how, even in a film such as Titanic — a film we all remember Kate Winslet quite clearly as a central character — women have a tiny proportion of dialogue in comparison to men. In fact, most blockbusters on the graph are the same, with only a tiny bite of the pie for female characters. Another famous study shows how women are rarely seen in scenes speaking to another woman.

There is an insidious fashion in TV drama at the moment for women to be depicted beautifully in strangled silence, rather than give her something to say. We are encouraged to identify with women on screen as the way men see us, as unfathomable beautiful creatures with stuff going on in our heads that can’t be accessed or known, that can only be expressed through an emotional face in an idyllic landscape, via exquisite cinematography.

A study of Hollywood screenplays showed that female characters are introduced with a mention of the level of their attractiveness (usually high or unconsciously sexy) and what they were wearing (skinny jeans being a favourite). In theatre, women are just as poorly represented, with castings asking for silent prostitutes and ‘attractive blonde female’ rather than named, voiced, fully-rounded female characters. This is a man’s world, you could argue, male audiences want to see their stories and fantasies depicted. Which would be an answer, if it was men who go to the theatre. The fact about theatre audiences, and audiences generally, is they are predominantly older and in the main female.

Part of the problem may lie with the writing. It is male writers who are getting their work produced. Anyone who has ever been to a writing workshop will know the majority of writers are women, yet it is the men whose work is being staged. A recent tweet informed me that of the 98 plays currently being performed this month in London theatres, only 10 of these are by women. And of these 10, a fifth are by Agatha Christie. So ok, I’m sure a proportion of the plays written by men are by Shakespeare, but even so. The figures stand for themselves. The inequality is in the data.

In a year when the gender pay gap and #MeToo are issues that are still raging, women are becoming galvanised, once again, in pointing out the injustice that is still woven into the fabric of our culture, and impossibly, seems to be getting worse rather than better. A few years ago it was said, on average, 17% of all plays performed were written by women. Now that paltry figure has diminished further, to a reported 8%.

A women on twitter the other day plucked up months of courage to tweet about how a man had told her she should stop complaining (about lack of commissions) because he had only received three commissions from his first play. The sound of female playwrights’ jaws dropping could be heard all over the twittersphere. Through these public conversations about gender, not only are men at last learning how difficult it can be to to be a woman, but women are now realising just how easy it can be to be a man.

And women are becoming angry.

The main London theatres have been strongly criticised for programming plays by mainly men — some theatres programming plays only by men — as well as the tendency for theatres to produce work by women in their smaller studios rather than main stages. Fury at this from female creatives, along with frustration at sexual harassment claims brought to light in the #MeToo campaign, has led a collective of women to take matters into their own hands, by crowdfunding in an attempt to buy Theatre Royal Haymarket as a ‘women’s theatre’.

Actresses who suffer from a lack of decent parts are tackling the issue in their treatment of the classic plays. All-female Shakespeare is now common, as is the hijacking of classic male roles in otherwise straight versions of Shakespeare. One actress I know of is currently playing Mark Anthony in Julius Caesar, she is also playing Romea in a gender-bending twist on the romantic tragedy, in ‘Romea and Julian’. Yet new roles for women, roles of substance, are few and far between. In order for a new substantial role for a woman to be produced on the West End stage, the woman depicted would have to be a household name, such as Judy Garland, or the Queen.

Eleanor “Tussy” Marx is not a household name in Britain and before Rachel Holmes’s book Eleanor Marx: A Life, was not widely known even in academic circles. For me to put Eleanor, a virtually unknown socialist feminist, centre stage is a radical act in that she is immediately elevated to high status. In the recent film Suffragette, it was Emmeline Pankhurst who was given credit for galvanising the activism in the East End of London and not her more factually deserving socialist daughter Sylvia Pankhurst. By creating a play for Eleanor Marx and, rather than pitching it to mainstream London theatres, placing it far from the West End, in the actual location where she lived and died, I have bypassed the frustrating limitations and sexual politics of London theatre.

It is a political act to devote a play to a central female character, let alone a middle-aged one and one who self-identifies with a non-Christian cultural heritage. As a character, Eleanor is centre stage both figuratively and literally, with Tussy given the most lines and scenes of any of the characters. She is an important character for representing women as well as a great part for an actress.

Eleanor loved the theatre. She acted on stage and was responsible for bringing Ibsen’s plays to Britain. She not only translated Ibsen into English but hers was the first performance of Ibsen’s A Doll’s House in Britain, for her 31st birthday, in her front room, with her husband Aveling, George Bernard Shaw and William morris’s daughter May in the other parts.

As Dr. Dana Mills notes, ‘If Tussy had come to have a wander around her beloved London theaters, we might not think she’d be too delighted…more than a century after the foremother of socialist-feminism pioneered Ibsen in London, still, the life of woman (in theater) does not coincide with that of man.’

We still see productions of Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion and Saint Joan in the 21st century, but we must ask whether the two plays would fare so well if they were new today, or if they had been penned by a woman.

‘Walking the streets of theaterland with Tussy teaches us how much we have compromised and yet how much radical history London has for us to draw on.’ (Dr. Dana Mills)

As I was reading Eleanor Marx: A Life, I knew I had to write the play with more than a nod to Ibsen. Tussy’s strong links to Ibsen — A Doll’s House in particular — and the content of her own story, not least her quick downward spiral to a tragic end, made her the perfect parallel to Ibsen’s heroines (a point that, had Tussy lived to tell the tale, would no doubt not be lost on her.)

Ibsen is best known for his naturalistic issue-based plays. The plays that remain best-known revolve around certain laws or societal double-standards that constrain women in particular. Rather than see women as victims of their biology, as was the popular view at the time, Ibsen demonstrated how women are at the mercy of a man-made world, his radical views therefore very much in line with Eleanor’s view of The Woman Question, where, she and Aveling write, it is the system that needs revision.

In A Dolls House and Hedda Gabler, Ibsen creates two central female characters whose humanness defies convention (and law) for women at the time. Notable features of Ibsen are the single interior setting, the short timeframe of the unfolding of the drama, the devastating revealing of truths that are the undoing of the central character, the interception of letters, the incisive dialogue, the fact that much of the drama has happened in the past before the play begins, and (in the case of Hedda) the heroine’s tragic end.

In my play, I have attempted to stay faithful to all the key features above. Eleanor, in her very own Ibsen-esque drama, is given equal status to Nora Helmer and Hedda Gabler — a tragic heroine who stands for herself as a human being but also speaks to women.

From the reaction I had from actresses auditioning for the part of Eleanor, I know not only is this a substantial part for an actress, but there is something special about both Tussy the character and the real woman.

When Eleanor performed A Doll’s House in her front room in the first performance in Britain, she played Nora to Aveling’s Torvald. In a pleasing twist of fate, the actor we have cast as Aveling has played Torvald in a production of A Doll’s House.

So, Happy Birthday, Henrik, have a glass of Champagne on Eleanor. Thank you for doing the essential groundwork all that time ago. Here’s to a better future for women in theatre!

Eleanor Marx: The Jewess of Jews Walk is being staged by Spontaneous productions, Upstairs at the Sydenham Centre, Sydenham, SE London, Wed 18th April – Sat 12th May. For ore information and tickets: spontaneousproductions.co.uk/marx

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